上海11选5

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你必须了解的电梯火灾的一些常识!

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你必须了解的电梯火灾的一些常识!

发布日期:2017-01-18 作者: 点击:

   随着国民经济的快速发展,电梯使用已成为生活中不可或缺的事物,电梯在给人们生活带来方便的同时,也给人们带来了安全的烦恼。如1996年11月20日,香港嘉得大厦电梯火灾造成39人死亡,81人受伤;2014年2月20日,重庆市渝中区世纪花城一电梯火灾造成两人被困,幸得消防员及时赶到救助脱困;2015年8月5日,广州越秀区新裕大厦一电梯火灾,造成5人被困,这样的例子不胜枚举。因电梯一旦发生火灾,空间有限,使人员难以疏散,又处于密闭空间,空气对流差,温度上升快,烟雾大且极易弥漫整个空间,易造成人员伤亡。

    一、电梯的火灾危险性分析。

    (YI)KONGJIANFENGBIXINGGAO,ZHEHUOHOUYANWUNONGDUDA,WENDUGAO,MANYANKUAI。

上海11选5    DIANTIKONGJIANXIAXIAO,CHUKOUSHAO,MIFENGXINGHAO,TONGFENGTIAOJIANCHA,YIDANFASHENGHUOZAI,KERANWUCHANSHENGDALIANGYANWU,CONGQIHUOBUWEIYIMEIMIAO1MIDESUDUXIANGSICHUKUOSAN,XUNSUCHONGMANZHENGGEKONGJIAN,CHENGXIANJUJIBUSANDEZHUANGTAI,NENGJIANDUJIDI。RANSHAOSHIFANGCHUDERELIANGZAIFENGBIXINGQIANGDEKONGJIANXUNSUJUJI,SHIHUOCHANGWENDUJIJUSHANGSHENG,HUOZAIMANYANSUDUJIAKUAI,NANYIKONGZHI,JIYIDUIDIANTINEIDERENHUOWUZAOCHENGZHIJIEDESHANGHAI。

上海11选5    (ER)DIANTIGOUCHENGDETESHUXING,SHIANQUANSHUSANKUNNAN。

上海11选5    YISHIDIANTINANZHIJIETINGLIUZAIANQUANSHUSANCHUKOUWEIZHI。YISHIYOUYUDIANTIDUOSHUQINGKUANGCHUYUYUNXINGZHUANGTAI,FASHENGHUOZAISHI,DIANTIHENNANZHIJIETINGLIUZAIDIANTIDELOUCENGDUIYINGCHUKOUCHU;ERSHIFASHENGHUOZAISHI,DIANTITONGCHANGHUIDUANDIAN,DIANTIYUNXINGTINGZHI,ZHEIYEHENNANBAOZHENGDIANTICHUKOUZHITONGLOUCENGWAIDEANQUANCHUKOUCHU,ZHEIXIEDOUZENGJIALERENYUANDEWEIXIANXING。

    ERSHIDIANTIDETESHUGOUZAO,HUISHIWENDUSHANGSHENGKUAI、NENGJIANDUJIANGDI。DIANTIZHEHUOSHI,YOUYUWUCHUANGHU,WUZHUANMENPAIYANKOU,NONGYANHUIXUNSUMIMANZHENGGEKONGJIAN,JIAZHIRANSHAOSHIFANGCHUDERELIANGXUNSUJUJI,WENDUKEGAODA800℃YISHANG,SHOUKUNRENYUANYICHANSHENGKONGJUXINLI、JINGHUANGSHICUO,ZAOCHENGSHUSANKUNNAN。

上海11选5    DIANTIHUOZAI,YISHENGCHENGCODENGYOUDUYANQI。DIANTIDINGBUYIYOUJISULIAODENGWEIDIAODING,RANSHAOHUICHANSHENGDALIANGCODENGYOUDUYOUYANQITI,DANGYIYANGHUATANDEHANLIANGDADAO0.5%、HUOZAIWENDUCHAOGUO43.3℃、HUOKONGQIZHONGHANYANGLIANGDIYU14~18%SHI,DOUKESHIRENZHIMING,YANZHONGYINGXIANGZIJIU,SHISHUSANNANDUZENGDA。

    (SAN)PUJIUNANDUDA。

上海11选5    YISHIDIANTICHUYUYUNXINGZHUANGTAI,HUOZAIYIDANFASHENG,QINGKUANGBUYIMOQING,ZHIHUIKUNNAN,PUJIUNANYIXUNSUHEYOUXIAOZHANKAI。

上海11选5    ERSHIDIANTICHUYUYUNXINGZHUANGTAI,BUYIZHANGWOTINGLIULOUCENG,JINGONGLUXIANNANYIMINGQUE,XIANGNEIJINGONGDEXIAOFANGDUIYUANYUXIANGWAISHUSANDERENYUANHEWUZIFASHENGCHONGTU,BULIYUMIEHUOJINGONG。

    三是电梯井一般来说排水功能较差,因此不能大量用水,其它CO、1211、干粉等灭火剂,因会出现有害气体不便采用,而环保绿色的理想灭火剂还未大量采用,给扑救带来极大困难。

    SISHIDIANTITONGXINBAOZHANGCUOSHIWEIQUANMIANPUJIQIEXINHAOBUWENDING,YISHIHUOZAIPUJIUZHONGDETONGXINSHEBEIWUFAYOUXIAOFAHUIZUOYONG,ZHIHUICONGERSHOUZU。

    WUSHIYANWUREQILIUYIZAOCHENGRENYUANSHANGWANG,TEBIESHISHESHUIYUHUOCHANSHENGDEGAOREZHENGQIKEDA73℃YISHANG,ZAIYIDINGYALIXIAFANPUXIANGMIEHUORENYUAN,ZENGJIALEMIEHUODENANDU。

上海11选5    (SI)RENYUANSHANGWANGHECAICHANSUNSHIDA。

上海11选5    DIANTISHIRENLIU、WULIU、SHANGLIUDEGAODUJIZHONGCHANGSUO,YIDANFASHENGHUOZAISHIGU,YOUYUSHUSANHEPUJIUKUNNAN,JIYIZAOCHENGQUNSIQUNSHANGJIZHONGDACAICHANSUNSHIDEYANZHONGHOUGUO。RU1996NIAN11YUE20RI,XIANGGANGJIADEDASHADIANTIHUOZAIZAOCHENG39RENSIWANG,81RENSHOUSHANG;1999NIAN,ELUOSIMOSIKEDAXUEYIDONG16CENGXUESHENGGONGYUDIANTIHUOZAI,ZAOCHENG3MINGLIUXUESHENGSIWANG。SIWANGRENSHUZHIDUO,SHEHUIYINGXIANGZHIDA,JIAOXUNZHISHEN,HENZHIDERENZHENFANSIHEZONGJIE。

    二、电梯的火灾预防措施。

    根据电梯的火灾危险性分析和从电梯发生火灾的沉痛教训来看,电梯的火灾预防应标本兼治,应着重把好防火设计关和消防安全管理关。

    (YI)BAHAOANQUANYUANTOUGUAN,ZHUAHAOFANGHUOXINGNENGSHEJI。

    1.DIANTIJINGJIMENDONGDESHEZHI。DIANTIJINGYINGDULISHEZHI,JINGNEIYANJINFUSHEKERANQITIHEJIAYIBINGLEIYETI,BUYINGFUSHEYUDIANTIWUGUANDEDIANLAN、DIANXIANDENG,DIANTIJINGBICHUKAISHEDIANTIMENDONGHETONGFENGKONGWAI,BUYINGKAISHEQITADONGKOU。DIANTIMENDONGDEKAISHE,QIDIBIANSHUIPINGXIANYISHAOGAOYUDIANTIJIAOXIANGWAIDIMIANDESHUIPINGXIAN,YIFANGZHIWAIBUDESHUILIUJINRUDIANTIJINGYINQIHUOZAI。

    2.DIANTIJIFANGDESHEZHI。DIANTIJIFANGNEIYINGYOULIANGHAODETONGFENG,YIBAOHUDIANDONGJISHEBEIYIJIDIANLANDENG,SHIQIJINKENENGBUSHOUHUICHEN、YOUHAIQITIHECHAOQIDESUNHAI;YEKEYIANZHUANGKONGDIAOSHEBEI,SHIHUANJINGWENDUBAOCHIZUIJIAWENDU,DANBUYIANZHUANGRESHUIHUOQUNUANSHEBEI,YINWEIRESHUIHUOZHENGQIQUNUANSHEBEIZUYIDUIDIANTIGOUCHENGWEIXIE,SHENZHIYINCIDAOZHIHUOZAI。

上海11选5    3.DIANTIJIAOXIANGDESHEZHI。

    一是电梯轿厢内应安装感烟式火灾报警上海11选5器,假如楼层的电梯前室内感烟式火灾报警器动作时,该层呼梯按钮即应失效,在同一组内的所有电梯都直接回到指定楼层,电梯门开启,并保持开启状态。

    ERSHIDIANTIJIAOXIANGNEIYINGANZHUANGCHENGKERONGYISHIBIEHECHUJIDEBAOJINGZHUANGZHI,LIRUJINGLING、DUIJIANGXITONG、WAIBUDIANHUAHUOLEISIZHUANGZHI。

    三是电梯轿厢内应安装永久性的电气照明,当然还要有紧急电源上海11选5、在正常电源一旦发生故障的情况下,能自动接通照明电源。

上海11选5    SISHIDIANTIJIAOXIANGNEIYINGBIAOSHICHUDIANTIDEEDINGHEZAIHUOZAIKESHU,BINGYINGYOUCHAOZAIJUYUNSHIJINGZHUANGZHI。

    WUSHIPUTONGDIANTINEIYINGBIAOYOU“HUOJINGSHIJINZHIDACHENG”DEZIYANG,ZAIHUOZAIFASHENGSHI,SHIYONGPUTONGDIANTISHIBUANQUANDE,YINWEIYOUDUOZHONGYUANYINHUIZAOCHENGDIANTIMENWUFAKAIQIHUOCAOZUOCUOWU,LIRU,HUOSHIDIANTIMENDELIANSUOZHUANGZHISUNHUAI、DUANDIANDENG。DANGRANZUILIXIANGDEANQUANDIANTI,YINGDANGQUEBAODIANTIJIAOXIANGZAIHUOZAILOUCENGBUTINGZHIYEBUKAIMEN,BINGNENGZIDONGHUIDAOZHIDINGDEANQUANLOUCENG。

    4.消防电梯设置还应满足特殊安全要求。一是应设置前室,且前室设置应符合《建筑设计防火规范》(GB50016-2014)的有关规定;二是载重量不应小于800kg;三是消防电梯井、机房与相邻电梯井、机房之间应设置耐火极限不低于2.00h的防火隔墙,隔墙上的门应采用甲级防火门

上海11选5    5.DIANTIDEJIAMIGONGNENGSHIMUQIANDIANTISHENGCHANZHONGDEYIXIANGXINJISHU、XINQUSHI,JIRUGUOJIANZHUNEIMOUCENGSHIYINKU、SHUKU、JIYAOBUMENDENGBUZHUNYIBANRENJINRUDEZHONGDI,BIANJIGAILOUCENGANNIUZHUANGZHIMIMA,ZHIYOUANXIAMIMADEREN,CAINENGKONGZHIDIANTI。DANSHIZHEIXIANGXINJISHUZAIMIEHUOJIUYUANXIAZECHANSHENGBIDUAN,JIARUZHEIGEBUZHUNYIBANRENJINRUDEZHONGDISHIHUO,XIAOFANGDIANTIMIMAJIUCHENGLEJINGONGZHANGAI,YINCIDIANTIDEJIAMIGONGNENGZAIHUOZAIFASHENGQINGKUANGXIA,YINGDANGFUCONGBINGMANZUXIAOFANGJIUYUANDEXUYAO,ZHEIYIDIANYINGYINQIZHONGSHI。

上海11选5    (ER)JINYIBUJIAQIANGDIANTIDEANQUANGUANLI,GUIBIBUQUEDINGYINSUFENGXIAN。

    DIANTIZUOWEIYIZHONGTEZHONGSHEBEI,WEIBAOZHENGDIANTIZHENGCHANGKEKAODIYUNXING,FANGZHIDIANTIZAIHAISHIGUDEFASHENG,ZHIYOUANZHAOXIANGGUANDEANQUANGUIDING,JIAQIANGANQUANGUANLI,CAINENGFANGZHIHUOJIANSHAOZAIHAISHIGU,TIGAOQIFUWUSHUIPINGHEFUWUZHILIANG。

    1.NEIZHUANGXIUCAILIAOANQUANYAOQIU。DIANTIDENEIZHUANGXIUCAILIAOYINGQUANBUCAIYONGBURANSHAOCAILIAO,BUDESHIYONGKERANHUOYIRANCAILIAO。

    2.RANLIAOCUNFANGHESHIYONGANQUANYAOQIU。DIANTINEIYANJINCUNFANGHESHIYONGYEHUASHIYOUHUORANDIANXIAOYU60℃DEYETI。YINWEIYEHUASHIYOUHERANDIANXIAOYU60℃DEYETIHUOZAIWEIXIANXINGDA,YIDANLOUYEPAOQI,JIYIJIJUZAISHINEIDIWACHU,NANYISANFAPAICHU,HUIHENKUAIDADAOBAOZHANONGDUERFASHENGBAORAN。

上海11选5    3.DIANTIDERICHANGGUANLIYEHENZHONGYAO。DIANTIYAOYOURICHANGJIANCHAHEDINGQIBAOJIANZHIDU,BINGJIANLI、GUANLIDIANTIJISHUDANGANHEYUANSHIJILUDANGAN;DIANTIJIFANGJISHUJINGNEIYINGJINZHIXIYAN;SHANGXIADIANTIDEBUXUZAIDIANTIDANAO,HUORENYIANDONGDIANTIANNIU;YANJINSHIYONGDIANTIYUNSHUYIRANYIBAOWUPINDENG。

上海11选5    4.RENZHENXUEXIYEWUZHISHI,BUDUANTIZISHENDEJISHUSHUIPING。DIANTIANQUANGUANLIRENYUANYINGZHANGWOXINJISHU、XINGUICHENG,BINGSHUXI、ZHIXINGDIANTIYOUGUANDEGUOJIAZHENGCE、FAGUI,JIEHEBENDANWEIDESHIJIQINGKUANG,ZHIDINGXIANGYINGDEGUANLIFANGFA,BUDUANWANSHANDIANTIDEGUANLIGONGZUO,JIANCHAHEJIUZHENGDIANTISHIYONGZHONGDEWEIZHANGWEIFAXINGWEI。


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